How a fabric is made

Every household has quilts, purses and clothing. Ever wondered how they were made? Whatever you are wearing right was made by tiny, little knitting needles, of a machine or by a human, incase it is handmade. Talking about fabric, you need to know that every type of fabric is made differently.

Cotton

You might already know that cotton is extracted from a cotton plant. First of all, it is hand-picked, and then rolled in a way that it is free from seeds. After that, it is packed together in a bundle and sent to the fabric industry for the further process of turning it into fabric.

Silk

Everyone knows that silk is produced by worms. The cocoon, which is basically the silky envelope spun by the silkworm is harvested After that, the silk lining is removed into a single thread. This thread is then twisted with other threads prior to being woven into the final fabric.

Wool

Again, a fabric manufactured by the raw material taken from an animal, in this case, a sheep. The fleece coat of the sheep is carefully cut off, processed and then combined together into a square piece of wool.

Nylon

You may have already known all the above sources of the fabrics, but this one I can bet you didn’t. Nylon is derived from coal and petroleum byproducts. When these are mixed with equal quantities of water and air, exactly how it is done in the process of forming rayon.

Polyester

It is the strongest, hence durable of all the above synthetics. It is made with the same pattern as a spinneret follows, but with alcohol derivatives.

1.Making the yarn

In this process the fiber is combined into a yarn and then into the fabric. The question that arises is that, how does fiber turn into thin strands of yarn? You can spin the fiber into a yarn by hand but that will take a lot of time. So this job is done by the spinning wheel. You might know what that is if you have seen the disney movie, sleeping beauty. Although, the modern ones are somewhat larger.

2.Adding them up

Threads are basically made to meet at the end in this process. These threads are then made to join together to form a fabric piece, and this process is called weaving. This is achieved when two sets of yarn, the warp and the weft are made to wove or loop together, this is called looming. This process ends with providing us with the fabric.

3.Processing

Even though the fabric is made, it still needs some finishing in the end to achieve that fresh, clean and crisp texture to it. This is achieved when cleaning is done. For this purpose, the fabric is left to be treated by some chemicals, the purpose of which is to basically eliminate the fabric from any wax or oils present naturally on the fibre. Isn’t it crazy how a piece of thread goes through all this!